_Antonio Cañellas Mas: "The idea of the 'Republic of all' continuous in Maura: to dismantle its ideological patrimonialization and make room for the large sectors of public opinion"
_Julio Gil Pecharromán: "Maura is an example of political coherence and fidelity to some principles: the axis of his life was the permanent defense of democratic liberalism"
_The work recalls Maura's attempt to agglutinate the moderate vote and his criticism of the failure of the Republic as an inclusive democratic regime
The former President of the Government and President of FAES José María Aznar presented today the biography Miguel Maura. La derecha republicana, tenth volume of the collection 'Biografías Políticas' of FAES. During his speech, he assured that "the instrumentalization of history as an element of confrontation can fracture all we have achieved as a nation. There must be no turning back. The past must propel us to a very promising future if we make out of Spain a nation of free and equal citizens”.
"Miguel Maura was very concerned about three issues regardless the form of government: political stability, based on broad support for the system by the citizens and elites; the rule of law, essential when it comes to building a regime of freedoms, and lastly, division of powers, essential for the functioning of any so-called liberal state," said Aznar. "And it is worth remembering today that there is no coexistence, liberties or order if laws are not respected. No one can stand above the law", he then added.
In his opinion, "Spanish liberal democracy cannot afford laws of ideological imposition that go against an open, plural and free society. No commissions of supposed truth can be allowed against the free work of researchers". In this sense, Aznar has stressed that "the political system cannot coercively indicate historians what they must or mustn’t say. We cannot limit their freedom to investigate, their freedom to associate, their freedom to express themselves in terms they deem appropriate.
"We must be able to protect our system of rights and freedoms. By doing so, we will also defend our Constitution, the one that the defenders of the project of Memoria Histórica want to tear down," he said.
On the other hand, the author of the work, Historian Antonio Cañellas Mas, has affirmed that "according to Miguel Maura, reformism implied an improvement in the modernization of the country. The revolution, however, meant a violent bankruptcy that undermined social coexistence and prevented the proper development of democracy". "The idea of the 'Republic of all' is continuous in Maura’s work since the fall of the Monarchy. To do this, any ideological patrimonialization of the new system had to be dismantled and the large sectors of public opinion had to be accommodated," he said.
Julio Gil Pecharromán, professor of Contemporary History at the UNED, intervened as well in the presentation, adding that "Miguel Maura is an example of political coherence and fidelity to certain principles. He was a monarchic and then a republican, a conservative ruler and an anti-Francoist exiled. The axis of his life was his permanent defense of democratic liberalism "."Maura had the opportunity to restore the hegemony of liberal-conservatism in the right wing, and to consolidate with it the Second Republic. However, he lost the battle against authoritarian tendencies that, on both sides of the political spectrum, questioned the validity of democratic parliamentarism".
Translation by David Outeda Sueiro